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- CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS IN YUGOSLAVIA/SERBIA,
- (Note. This chronology is a very
rough affair taken from a variety of sources. Interpretations
implied in the descriptions of disputed events are not to be
taken as definitive or as reflecting my own opinions)
- Extracts from unfinished text of 'Memorandum'
of Serb Academy of Sciences and the Arts published and denounced
- April. Milosevic intervenes on behalf of
Kosovo Serbs at Kosovo Polje.
Sept. Milosevic takes control of Serbian Communist Party
- October. Milosevic supporters force resignation
of leadership in Voivodine and Montenegro.
- February. Programme of Croatian Democratic
Union (HDZ) published.
March. Police and military intervention in Kosovo results in
dissolution of the provincial assembly in Kosovo.
- March. Ante Markovic becomes Prime Minister
June. Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) constituted. Franjo Tudjman
elected as President.
Milosevic addresses rally of 500,000 Serbs in Kosovo.
Late 1989. Federal Prime Minister Ante Markovic presents programme
for economic reform.
December. Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) formed.
- Early 1990. League of Communists of Yugoslavia
falls apart at its fourteenth cengress.
February. Serbian Democratic Party formed to represent Serbs
March. Serbian Renewal Movement founded by Vuk Draskovic and
April/May. Elections in Croatia give HDZ majority.
May. Last Albanians in Kosovo provincial government resign.
Proposals to amend Croatian Constitution.
Serbian National Council formed at Srb on border between Croatia
and Bosnia. Calls for referendum on Serb autonomy in Croatia.
July. Albanian members of Kosovo parliament vote for Republic,
still to be part of Yugoslavia.
Referendum allows new Serbian constitution to enable holding
of multiparty elections.
Serbian Democratic Party formed in Bosnia under Radovan Karadzic.
Socialist Party of Serbia formed on basis of old Communist alliance,
with Slobodan Milosevic as President.
August. Referendum held among Croatian Serbs under Yugoslav army
December. Elections. Socialists win majority. Milosevic elected
New constitution of Republic of Croatia promulgated.
Serbs declare Statute of Serb Autonomous Distriuct of Krajina.
- February. Slovenian Assembly begins process
of legal separation from Yugoslavia. Croatia follows suit.
VojislavSeselj forms Serbian Radical Party.
March. Croatian Serbs occupy Plitvice National Parks.
Talks between Tudjman and Milosevic over Bosnia-Hercegovina.
May. Serbian bloc prevents Croat Stipe Mesic from assuming Yugoslav
Referendum in Croatia votes for independence.
Clashes between Serbian militia and Croatian police in Borovo
Volunteer Croat defence Forces (HOS) formed, often evoking Ustasha
June. Slovenian and Croat assemblies vote that only laws passed
in their repective countries had any legal validity.
Yugolsav army moves against Slovenia.
July. First village burned. Celije in Croatia, by Serbs.
Summer. Series of skirmishes and attacks on villages etc in Serb
areas of Croatia.
Milosevic makes agreement with minority Muslim 'Bosnjak organisation'
that Bosnia should remain in Yugoslavia.
August. Yugoslav Army begins siege of Vukovar.
September. Peace conference begins under chairmanship of Lord
Carrington. general embargo imposed on the importation of arms
and military equipment.
Yugoslav Army bases blockaded in Croatia.
Referendum among Albanians in Kosovo supports full independence.
October. Kosovan Albanians declare independence.
Administration formed for Kosovo Albanians in Ljubljana, Slovenia.
HOS integrated into new Croatian Army.
November. Yugoslav National Army and Serb paramilitaries take
Montenegrin forces begin siege of Dubrovnik.
Elections held in Bosnia Hercegovina SDA (Mulsim, Fikret
Abdic who hands presidency over to Alija Izetbegovic)); SDS (Serb,
Radovan Karadzic)); HDZ (Croat, Mate Boban).
Croat community of Herceg Bosna founded.
End of 1991 Yugoslav PM, Ante Markovic resigns.
- January. European Union recognises Croatia
SDS declare that if Croats and Muslims leave Yugoslavia the Serbs
will declare a separate Serb Republic.
February. UN Security resolution 743 creates UNPROFOR to police
Serb areas in Croatia as protected zones.
Karadzic, Boban and Izetbegovic come to agreement at meeting
in Lisbon chaired by EC. Izetbegovic pulls out at last moment.
Referendum on independence of Bosnia Hercegivina. Boycotted by
Serbs. Croats recommend support for independence as stepping
stone to separate Croat Bosnian entity.
March. Incidents in Bosnia provoked by Serb paramilitaries including
Seselj and Arkan.
April. European Union and US recognises Bosnia-Hercegovina.
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia presented as new state.
Beginning of siege of Sarajevo.
May. Elections held, illegally but without interference from
authorities, for Albanian parliament in Kosovo.
Kosovar administration moves from Ljubljana to Bad Godesberg.
UN Security Council imposes sanctions on FRY.
June. Dobrica Cosic elected as first President of FRY.
July. Milan Panic elected as Prime Minister of FRY.
Tudjman and Izetbegovic sign agreement on friendship between
Croatia and Bosnia-H.
August. London Peace Conference. Conflict between Milosevic and
Conflict between pro-Bosnian and Croat separatist leadership
in Bosnia results in victory for latter, under Mate Boban.
International scandal created by conditions at Serb POW camp
October. Serbian police sieze Federal Interior Ministry.
December. Elections at Federal and Republic level. Milosevic
defeats challenge for presidency from Panic. Serbian Radical
Party does well.
George Bush warns Serbs not to intervene militarily in Kosovo.
- March UNPROFOR Copmmander General Philippe
Morillon in Srebrenica which is on the verge of falling to the
- April. First massacre in Croat/Muslim war.
May. Bosnian Serb referendum rejects Vance Owen plan.
Vote of no confidence in Dobrica Cosic passed in federal parliament.
September. Muslim leader Fikret Abdic declares Autonomous Province
of Western Bosnia in alliance with Serbs against Izetbegovic,
whom he accuses of Islamic fundamentalism.
Serbian Radical Party moves vote of no confidence in Socialist
October. Milosevic dissolves Serb parliament and calls new elections.
December Serb elections. Radical Party loses strength but Socialists
fail to win majority.
- January. Programme of financial and currency
February. Serb Socialists form new government with support of
New Democracy (formed out of League of Socialist Youth in 1990).
- February. 61 people killed when shell lands
on Markale market in Sarajevo. International reaction forces
withdrawal of Serb heavy artillery from positions in and around
Under pressure from US, Mate Boban resigns as Bosnian Croat leader.
Muslims and Croats agree on Croat-Muslim federation in Bosnia
and confederation between Bosnia and Croatia.
March. Zagreb, or 'Russian Embasssy' agreement establishes terms
of peace between Croats and Krajina Serbs.
August. Fikret Abdic's autonomous Muslim province broken by Muslim
fifth corps operating from Bihac.
Milosevic imposes blockade on Bosnian Serbs after they reject
Contact Group peace plan.
September. Seselj arrested.
- April. Croat 'Operation Flash' takes Western
- Seselj arrested again.
May Bosnian Serbs take 375 UN hostages.
June UN hostages released.
July. Bosnian Serb forces attack Srebrenica.
August. Croat forces capture Krajina.
37 people killed by bomb in Sarajevo.
NATO airstrikes against Bosnian Serb targets.
November. Peace negotiations in Dayton, Ohio. Sanctions on Serbia
December. Peace agreement signed in Paris.
- March. 'Zajedno' opposition coalition formed
from Serbian Renewal Movement (Vuk Draskovic), Democratic Party
(Zoran Djindjic) and Civil Alliance.
April. Kosovo Liberation Army starts campaign against Serb police
and civil targets.
Croatia acccpted as fortieth member of Parliament of Council
May. Dragoslav Avramovic removed as head of National Bank of
September. Agreement on normalisation of relations between Croatia
October. Sanctions on Serbia formally lifted.
November. Zajedno defeated by Socialist coalition in Federal
elections. Win many local authority elections. Riots after authorities
try to ennul elections.
- February. Zajedno's gains in local authority
elections recognised. Zoran Djjindjic becomes Mayor of Belgrade.
Spring. Albania collapses into anarchy after failure of 'pyramid
July. Milosevic elected as President of FRY.
August. Biljana Plavsic in Bosnia forms Serbian National Alliance,
based in Banja Luka, in opposition to Radovan Karadzic.
September. Elections in Serbia boycotted by three opposition
parties, but not by Serbian Renewal Movement. Gains made by Radicals
Djindjic ousted as Mayor of Belgrade by alliance of Socialists,
Radicals and Serbian Renewal Movement.
October. Milo Djukanovic elected as President of Montenegro against
Milosevic's candidate, Momir Bulatovic.
- January. Eastern Slavonia, with Vukovar,
reincorporated into Croatia.
February. Serbian Security forces begin offensive against KLA
insurgents in Drenica region of Kosovo.
March. Presidential elections among Albanians in Kosovo.
Serb government agrees to enforce education agreement made with
Albanians in 1996. Encounter violent opposition from Serb students.
June - July Serb forces take back positions lost to KLA in Kosovo.
July. First formal meetings between US envoy, Chris Hill, and
Swiss and Germans freeze Albanian 'Homeland Calling' accounts.
September Meeting of NATO Defence ministers announce preparations
for war in Kosovo.
October. Serbs agree to scale down their presence in Kosovo to
- January. Racak incident condemned as atrocity
by US observer William Walker.
February. First round of Rambouillet talks. Albanians fail to
endorse proposed peace plan.
March. Conference reconvenes. Albanians agree to plan, Serbs
NATO begins attacks on Serbia. Massive waves of refugees out
April. NATO bombs Belgrade TV station.
Vuk Draskovic condemns misleading Serb propaganda..May
May. NATO attack Serb electricity grid.
Milosevic indicted for crimes against humanity.
June. Milosevic capitulates.